Duane Graveline MD MPH Biography


March 2,1931 - Born in Newport, Vermont

1948  Graduated from Newport High School

June 1951  Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Vermont

June 1955  Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Vermont College of Medicine

July 1955-June 1956  Intern Walter Reed Army Hospital

Jun-Oct 1956  Aviation Medicine at Randolph Air Force Base

1956-1957  Kelly Air Force Base - Chief of Aviation Medicine Service

February 1957  Aeronautical rating of senior flight surgeon

1957-1958  Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health - received Master's degree in Public Health

1958-60 Aerospace Medical residency at the Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine

July 1960 completed residency training at Brooks Air Force Base receiving specialty certification by the American Board in Preventative Medicine

1960 Assigned to the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory as research scientist with special interest in prolonged weightlessness deconditioning and countermeasures

July 1962  Brooks Air Force Base: scientific research and analyst of Soviet bioastronautics

1962  Designated NASA flight controller for the Mercury and Gemini program with multiple duty stations

1962-1965 Director of analysis for Soviet Bioastronautics  and biomedical research scientist. Performed his original research on the extremity tourniquet and lower body negative pressure techniques for use in prolonged zero gravity missions

May 1965  Selected as one of NASA's six scientist astronauts from 1,400 original applicants. The top four hundred were reviewed by the National Academy of Sciences. Of the sixteen finalists only six passed the final testing

June 1965 Assigned to Williams Air Force Base for T-38 supersonic jet pilot training

Nov 1965 Resigned from NASA for personal reasons

1966-1991 Practiced medicine as a family doctor in Burlington, Vermont.Served as a flight surgeon for the Vermont Army National Guard helicopter group

1982 Took six months leave to return to NASA as Chief of Medical Operations for KSC

1992 to 1994 M.D. locum tenens licensed in the State of Virginia

1994 Retired from medical practice at the age of 63

2003-2005 Returned to KSC as NASA consultant in space medicine. Initiated study of effects of cosmic radiation on mice at Brookhaven National Laboratories

B.S., University of Vermont, 1952
M.D., Vermont College of Medicine, 1955
Rotating internship, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 1956
Primary Course Aviation Medicine, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, 1957
M.P.H., Johns Hopkins University, 1958
Residency Aerospace Medicine, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, 1960

Expertise and Research Interests
During my 10 years as USAF flight surgeon I was research scientist at both the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson AFB and the USAF School of Aerospace Medicine.

Prolonged weightlessness deconditioning was my primary area of interest. Using both bed rest and water immersion, I explored the use of various countermeasures to prevent Zero G deconditioning including exercise, salt and water replacement, extremity tourniquets and the lower body negative pressure device (LBNP), the prototype of which was conceived by me and fabricated at USAFSAM. The LBNP device was flown on Skylab, MIR and Shuttle flights and remains in current use.

During this time I also was a member of the Foreign Technology Intelligence team as analyst for Soviet Bioastronautics. Working with electronic engineers at the Aeromedical Laboratory, WPAFB I broke out the unique Soviet HF telemetry link for continuous monitoring of cosmonaut heart and respiratory rates used during their entire Vostok and Voskhod series of spaceflights. On one memorable afternoon while on the Pacific Ocean located tracking ship, Rose Knot Victor, the entire NASA tracking system were able to follow the biomedical progress of the Soviet's Voskhod 2 mission.

Also in this time period I was appointed as one of the medical monitors for NASA spaceflights with deployment for every mission from the flight of Enos, through Mercury and most of Gemini before my own selection in 1965 as one of NASA's six scientist astronauts.

Other Expertise
In 1966, during my NASA sponsored year of T-38 supersonic jet training at Williams AFB, I left the astronaut program for personal reasons and entered clinical medicine as a family doctor. I established the Health Maintenance Center in Burlington, Vermont, the location of my medical college, and for the next 23 years I practiced family medicine with emphasis on preventive health concepts.

I was the first doctor in the state of Vermont to use physician assistants and emphasized health screening and routine health checkups throughout my busy practice. Nearing retirement I became a locum tenens physician and for two years worked in this capacity at various medical offices, mostly in the state of Virginia with duties ranging from walk-in outpatient clinics, to health clinics on a college campus, to taking over the practice of vacationing doctors to operation of hospital outreach clinics. I retired from clinical medicine in 1994 at the age of 63.

Former member ASMA, AMA and Vermont State Medical Society

Duane Graveline MD MPH
Former USAF Flight Surgeon
Former NASA Astronaut
Retired Family Doctor



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